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As a regulated health profession, optometry may continue to provide services to the public during the Provincial Lockdown.
As we are only operating by appointment and have full use of PPE, our office is following the required protocols.
We ask that only those with an appointment enter the office to assist us with helping to maintain distances.
We are open for in office appointments. We welcome you back! Please read our new protocols here.

Located in Burlington, Ontario just north of the Appleby and Upper Middle Road intersection at the Millcroft Shopping Centre

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It’s Not Just Your Eyes by Dr. Patricia Fink

beautiful eyes1.jpgIf your eyes are the camera with which you view the world, then the body that supports the camera is your tripod. The positioning and movement of your spine, hips, and even feet can affect and in turn, be affected by your vision. For example, when a person has vision issues and has an unsteady gait, we don’t know if the chicken or egg came first because there are several feasible scenarios. The person’s vision may be affected by posture, the person’s posture may be affected by visual issues, or the two systems may be affecting one another.

In any case, for such a person, it may be most beneficial to receive treatment from both a chiropractor and optometrist, working together. In Canada and worldwide, multidisciplinary clinics are becoming more popular as clinicians and patients realize that the different systems at work in the human body can affect each other in many different ways, and this certainly includes the visual system. Part of this phenomenon can be explained by the fact that significant amounts of nerve fibers from the eyes, ears, and other sensory receptors of the human body go to the same part of the brain, the superior colliculus. 

Anything that affects a person’s visual space can affect the entire body. How such a person moves through their environment is led by the visual system. If he or she suffers visual malfunctions, the inefficiency of the system may contribute to visual miscalculation, which results in misreading the environment. This can cause a person to feel unsure for startled by obstacles in their environment.  This often initiates the fight-or-flight response eventually resulting in a perpetual stress pattern. This can affect all systems in the body.

A good example of how all senses interact could be seen in an individual who develops an asymmetrical posture resulting in a constant downward gaze. If this person was to seek sensory therapy, such as speech rehabilitation, they may be asked to use their visual system to watch and mimic oral postures and sounds, but the patient will find it difficult to follow the movement of the speech pathologist’s tongue and lips when his vision is constantly drawn downward which may be caused by his asymmetrical posture. Another example is small children who spend excessive time focused on electronic devices.  This behavior may result in visual adaptions due to the stress of sustained long term convergence of their eyes and interrupt normal development and learning  In cases such as this we can see that sensory systems are interacting. 

At Dr. Patricia Fink Optometry, our concern does not stop with your two eyes. We care about your overall wellness, and always keep in mind that your vision impacts other systems in your body, and is in turn impacted by them. We are ready to work with your other medical practitioners to ensure that your body and vision are healthy in every possible way. Ask us about our co-management plans on the phone, or come in for an exam and find out how we can help you.

Did you know that every time you blink…


Did you know that every time you blink, the movement of the lower lid moves inward while the upper lid moves outward which cleans the lids, stimulates oil release and replenishes the tear film? Every blink cleans your eyes.

Did you know that looking at electronic devices reduces your blink rate by 70%?

Did you know that reduced blinking due to digital eye strain can lead to dry eyes?

Did you know that if you follow the 20-20-20 rule (every 20 minutes, look at an object 20 feet away for 20 seconds) you can reduce the risk of dry eyes? You can also intentionally concentrate on your blinking, blinking more often and squeezing your eyes closed more tightly, in order to avoid dry eyes.

Now you know!

For a dry eye consultation at Dr. Patricia Fink Optometry call 905-319-1066!


Dr. Fink’s Introduction to Myopia Control – Part 4

Binocular Vision status also influences the development of myopia. If someone has an inward posture of their eyes (not an eye turn, but an esophoria) they are at a significantly higher risk of increasing the myopia rapidly. One needs to be extremely careful about prescribing minus lenses in these cases as they “eat up the minus” at an unbelievable rate. There are also cases of exophoria (outward posture of the eyes) and intermittent outward eye turning (most will see this at the end of the day). These people use the prismatic effect of the minus lens to help hold their eye posture inward so they do not need to do it themselves. The myopia increases in these cases as their eyes become “lazy” in wanting to go outward again. So, increasing the power of the lens, increases the prism effect and voila, you no longer have to “work” to hold your eyes inward.

When I see these cases, I recommend vision therapy. Vision therapy provides the necessary, meaningful opportunity for individuals to choose to use different tools in holding their eye posture together. In these cases, and in the cases above where the anti-fatigue lenses are used, vision therapy can be very beneficial in slowing down the development of the myopia. Vision therapy works very much in incorporating the entire body to align the vision. It incorporates posture, peripheral awareness, and increases a person’s ability to get out of their overly “focal” state and this is the mechanism in which vision therapy can help.

Vision therapy, offered at our Burlington optometry practice, is often also called behavioral optometry and there are psychological components that create myopia as well. Intense stress, anxiety, trauma can create myopia as well. I have had cases where a child has been +0.75 (farsighted, the perfect buffer prescription to prevent myopia…one does not want zero prescription at distance. +0.50 to +0.75 is ideal) at distance and seeing 20/20 uncorrected in both eyes and having a sudden change into myopia practically overnight, anywhere from -1.50 to -4.00. These cases have reported bullying at school, severe anxiety, sudden loss of a loved one, and head trauma. These cases benefit from vision therapy and very careful prescribing of the myopia as this is often functional, and not permanent.

For more information on myopia control, call us at 905-319-1066.

Dr. Fink’s Introduction to Myopia Control – Part 3

Ergonomics and environment are factors in slowing down the development of the myopia. Having a proper working distance to your near-work is essential. Holding reading materials too close stresses your focusing and convergence system and thereby increasing the myopia. Harmon’s working distance (for each person, that is the knuckle of their hand to their elbow) has been shown to be the most beneficial working distance. Using a slanted desk helps with the proper body and eye posture to reduce strain. Taking breaks from near work every 20 minutes and looking at distance to relax the accommodative (focusing) system of the eye is important. If the distance is blurry when doing this and it takes time to clear up, you are at risk of increasing the myopia.

It is strongly advised to get outdoors and look at distances in a three-dimensional space (looking at a lake, trees, mountains…looking at a television does not qualify). Myopia increases in areas that have winter and where people spend more time indoors (constricted spaces). In my schooling, the evidence had shown that farmers did hardly developed myopia at all. This statistic has now changed with the introduction of technology. People in academia had a higher rate of myopia. So these statistics indicate that increased amounts of near-work, looking at objects too close to you, increases your risk of myopia. We can all see the unique postures people use to view their cell phones.

For more information on myopia control, call Dr. Patricia Fink Optometry at 905-319-1066.

Dr. Fink’s Introduction to Myopia Control – Part 2

So what do we know that can help? Anti-fatigue lenses have been shown to help in some cases. What this lens does, is creates a thinning of the bottom portion of the lens so that the distortions of a minus lens (the edge thickness is greater in a minus lens and studies have indicated that this distortion increases myopia) when looking downward is removed. It also creates a zone of “less minus power” which is beneficial when looking at near tasks. You see, many people will have distance glasses to correct their blur at distance. They then wear them all the time even though they can see fine at near without them. Within a year they need a stronger prescription, not necessarily due to “normal” progression of myopia, but due to the fact that the brain likes the nearsightedness to help with near work and putting on the distance glasses as messed that up. The brain adapts and puts the nearsightedness back in place.

This is where the whole concept of wearing the glasses makes your eyes worse. Well yes, wearing glasses for the wrong purpose may do that. The glasses were meant for distance, not near work. So, for those cases of myopia where this is the mechanism of action, the anti-fatigue lenses are amazing. We are fortunate now that we have anti-fatigue contact lenses as well. The amount of the anti-fatigue lens needs to be carefully measured. If it is too much or too little, it will not stabilize the myopia. Zeiss myovision lens is also a great lens to slow down myopia in this category.

What is another way to slow down the development of nearsightedness? Wearing contact lenses has shown to slow it down. Why? Still a discussion point. Some believe the feeling of the contact lens on the eye sends signals to the rest of the eye to slow down the axial elongation. Some feel that the minus lens distortions are eliminated and it opens up the peripheral vision. Some specific lenses, like ortho-k, are retainer hard contact lenses that you sleep in overnight which reshapes your cornea to eliminate myopia. These need to be worn nightly and are best for powers under -3.50. Long range studies indicate that this method doesn’t actually slow down the development of the myopia, however patients that use this method, love it as they are free of glasses or contact lenses throughout the day.

For more information on myopia control, call us at 905-319-1066.

Dr. Fink’s Introduction to Myopia Control – Part 1

Myopia control is creating a big buzz in the world currently. Myopia is another word for nearsightedness, and the incidence of nearsightedness has suddenly leaped up across the world. When I entered optometry school in 1995, the percentage of myopia in the population was approximately 30%, while it is now 40% and predicted to affect 50% of the population by the year 2050! That means 5 billion people in the world will have some form of myopia.

The World Health Organization has indicated that this in now an epidemic and needs to be studied and controlled. Thereby “myopia control” is the new buzz.

Before we go into why this is such a concern, it is important to appreciate what myopia is. Having myopia indicates that you can see things which are nearby, but are unable to see clearly at distance.

To treat myopia, Dr. Fink will prescribe a minus lens in order to diverge the light so it can hit the macula (central viewing portion of the retina). Although many studies and much research has been conducted in myopia, the actual process is not fully understood. Some believe too much close-work creates it. Some studies indicate that elongation of the eyeball creates it. Maybe it’s genetic. There has been no one proven mode of action to explain myopia or it’s progression.

So why do we care? Why do we care if the prescription is a -1.00 vs a -12.00? Well, the higher the prescription, the higher the risk of retinal disease and glaucoma. Once the eye exceeds the power of -3.50, the risks go up significantly. This is why everyone, including the WHO, is interested in “controlling” it, as the cost in not only treating these additional diseases is a concern but also the impact these conditions have on the individual, their quality of life, and on the entire economic structure, as these individuals will no longer be able to continue in their employment. There are also costs to employers that need to modify the work space and the costs to healthcare, as not only the surgeries and treatment cost money but also low vision services if vision cannot be rescued. The impact that myopia has is frightening and unless you are aware of the dangers an increase in power can create, you may not be invested in also doing everything possible to slow down the development of myopia.

Stay tuned for more in this series. For more information on myopia control, call us at 905-319-1066.

Dr. Fink’s Story – Part 1

Here I am with my new glasses. Let me tell you my journey. I was significantly nearsighted which began at age 10 with a -2.00 prescription that was -4.50 -1.00 x 180 by the time I finished optometry school. I had laser vision correction in 1997 and 1999 (yup, both eyes at separate times as I had my son in between operations and can’t have laser when you are pregnant or lactating). By the time I was in my early 40s I knew I should be in reading glasses to preserve my distance vision however all the reading glasses and progressives gave me headaches and eyestrain until I went to Phoenix and had a binocular vision assessment done by Dr Robin Lewis who prescribed me a +0.37. Holy comfort. It was great. I wore it for near work until I was 50. Then it became uncomfortable again.

Now my right eye was blurry for distance yet both eyes clear for near. Very strange for someone in their 50s. A new binocular assessment by Dr Manny Singh at my office determined a minimal distance prescription in my left eye with an anti fatigue lens at near. It was very strange for the first 20 min. My stomach was upset, my right eye ached. Then 45 min in things started to click. I saw better for distance and near work was easier.

Will keep you all posted as my week progresses. I’m also back to taking vision therapy sessions once per week to improve my visual performance.

Dry Eyes: Did you know?

Did you know that 86% of Dry Eye Disease (DED) involves the lid margin and that 5 minutes of sustained heat to the lids is the first treatment whether your DED requires expression, biofilm clearance, antibiotics, anti-inflammatories or anti-allergens?

Did you know that regular warm compresses do not provide this?

Did you know that the Bruder mask was created and designed by an optometrist to have the correct contour, bead density, and bead composition (important for proper moisture release)?

Now you know.

For more information don’t hesitate to contact our dry eye specialist in Burlington, Ontario .

November 10 is World Keratoconus Day

World Keratoconus Day FB Post
November 10 will be the fourth annual World Keratoconus Day. Keratoconus is an eye disease in which the eye bulges and its shape becomes less spherical, leading to potentially significant loss of vision. Symptoms can also include sensitivity to light and red, puffy eyes.

Sometimes, a cornea transplant is required in order to treat the eyes. Often, however, patients will make use of specialty lenses (such as scleral lenses, rigid gas permeable lenses, and hybrid lenses) or cross-linking (a minor procedure involving eye drops and ultraviolet light) to obtain the clearer vision. Regular contact lenses are often too ineffective and uncomfortable for patients with keratoconus to use.

Modern research is showing that keratoconus may be far more common than we had believed. It affects those of all ethnic groups and genders, usually manifesting itself in early adulthood. People from communities worldwide experience life with keratoconus, and Burlington is no different.

At Dr. Patricia Fink Optometry, we offer treatment to keratoconus patients from the greater community. Being very familiar with the challenges of life with keratoconus, we join together with friends around the globe in celebrating Keratoconus Day. This annual event is a great opportunity to raise awareness of keratoconus and the treatments available to those who have it.

If you or a loved one would like to be examined for keratoconus and other eye conditions or to discuss treatment options, call us or schedule an appointment. Click here to learn more about keratoconus and the treatments we offer for it.